Zoological Mythology or the Legends of Animals

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Zoological Mythology, Volume I (of 2) / or The Legends of Animals

This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity individual or corporate has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc.

Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public.

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We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant. We have all heard in one or other of its many versions the nursery tale of the three brothers, of whom the youngest is the hero ill-treated by his wicked elders.

Thus in the story of the "Golden Bird" in Grimm's Miirchen, the two elder brothers throw the third into a well, and carry off the reward of his prowess. Professor De Gubernatis vol. In requital, they threw him into the well, in order to appropriate his property, and having covered the top with a cart- wheel, left him within it.

Zoological Mythology: Or, The Legends of Animals - Angelo De Gubernatis - Google книги

In this extremity he prayed to the gods to extricate him, and by their favour he made his escape. London : Triihner and Co.


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If there is anything in this attempt to trace a popular tale back so far as the Vedic Hymns, it is of some importance. In another place vol. Could we be sure that such a genuine ancient Indian story exists, we would willingly admit the existence of Cinderella in the poetic sun-myths of our Aryan forefathers, and would discuss the probability of her being originally a personified Dawn. But no authority is cited, and we conjecture that our author's fertile imagination may have itself developed the episode, perhaps by unconscious cerebration.

The Hindu Deluge-myth is briefly summarised, if propos of the divine fish which warned Mann of the coming flood, commanded him to build a ship, and towed it over the waters, with him on board, till it rested on the top of the mountain vol. But this myth is one of the most interesting of the numerous deluge- legends of the world, and if we are ever to discuss it, this should be when some mythologist prints in order all the documents relat- ing to it, from the brief, bare version belonging to ancient Vedic literature, to the later legends which are brought closer to the Noachic tradition by the preservation of the plants and animals in the ship, and by the seven days' notice of the impending cataclysm.

Lastly, Professor De Gubernatis contributes something to a topic which has long interested scholars, the resemblance of the exploits of King Rama and the monkey Hanuman, in the Hindu poem of the Ramayana, to those of the Biblical Samson.

One of these is the tying of greased rags to Hanuman's tail and setting it alight, whereupon the monkey leaps about till all Lanka is burnt to ashes. This episode is often mentioned, but another point here brought forward vol. It is that Hanuman is one of the personages who per- form that frequent feat of the mythic Sun, to enter the body of a monster and come out at the other side, as the sun does at night and morning, or when eclipsed.

A sea-monster through whose body Hanuman thus passes, entering and bursting forth again, is actually Sinhika, the mother of the famous monster Rahn, whose special function it is, as every Hindoo knows, to swallow the Sun and Moon at eclipses. This proves that the legend of Rama con- tains at least an element of solar myth. Of course Professor De Gubernatis, in his search for mythic personifications of the Sun, claims Samson for one, as do several other comparative mythologists. The Sun, when he loses his rays " shorn of his beams " , loses all his strength vol.

It is a woman that is the solar hero's destruction, and Delilah is set down as a solar counterpart of Deianira, Medea, Krimhilt, and the rest vol. But we wonder that no mention should be made of the etymology of the name "Samson," which has been adduced byothers as bearing on such an interpretation of his nature. Such a name is sugges- tive of solar myth, and mythic episodes would be apt to gather round it if borne by a real man.

To modern students Samson's most wondrous feats look more like the prodigies of a solar hero interpolated into a historical book, than the recorded acts of a judge of Israel. Uncertain though it be, the theory of a solar Samson demands attentive consideration.

On the whole, we must not be too quick either to accept or condemn the interpretations of the new mythological school, who find transformed nature-myths so plentifully in ancient literature.

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Zoological Mythology, Vol. 2 : Or the Legends of Animals (Classic Reprint)

Some of their arguments are as real as any history, and some as unreal as any poetry, while of the rest it is still doubtful whether they are sense or nonsense. Free download. Book file PDF easily for everyone and every device. This Book have some digital formats such us :paperbook, ebook, kindle, epub, fb2 and another formats. Dispatched daily from the UK. How did you like the book?. Conversely, some creatures downplayed as just storytelling, have been rediscovered and found to be real in recent times, such as the giant squid.

Mythical creatures are often chimeras , composed of parts of two or more animals. Some of these are the combination of a human being and one or more other creatures. For example, a centaur is a combination of a man and horse , a minotaur of a man and bull. It should be noted that these were not always intended to be understood as literal juxtapositions of parts from disparate species.

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Lacking a common morphological vocabulary, classical and medieval scholars and travelers would attempt to describe unusual animals by comparing them point-for-point with familiar: the giraffe , for example, was called cameleopard, and thought of as a creature half- camel , and half- leopard. In other cases, the beast was merely an exaggeration that made for exciting story-telling of adventures from far-off lands.

Among these are included some of the legendary creatures. The field also includes the search for known animals believed to be extinct.

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While cryptozoologists strive for legitimacy — some of them are respected scientists in other fields — and discoveries of previously unknown animals are often subject to great attention, however, cryptozoology has not been fully embraced by the scientific community. Most criticism from the scientific mainstream is directed at proponents for the existence of the more famous "cryptids" like Bigfoot , the Yeti , and the Loch Ness Monster , whose existence remain unproven, despite numerous purported sightings, and is considered highly unlikely by scientists, biologists, and zoologists alike.

In fact, many of the sightings of such creatures were found to be hoaxes, which further discredits cryptozoology. There are many types of mythical creatures, following are the main divisions with some examples of each. They are generally believed not to exist by conventional zoology and allied sciences, and are principally the subject of investigations by followers of cryptozoology.

Sightings are often similar to some sea monsters. Of these, Nessie of Loch Ness is almost certainly the most famous, and is promoted heavily in the area's tourist industry. In Greek mythology , the Chimera is a monstrous creature that was composed of several different animals. All links retrieved November 2, New World Encyclopedia writers and editors rewrote and completed the Wikipedia article in accordance with New World Encyclopedia standards.

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